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Scaling against a reference dataset with DIALS

This document provides a guide on how to scale a dataset against a reference dataset, referred to as the target dataset. The target dataset can be either a dataset scaled with dials.scale, or an mtz file containing a scaled dataset. Any number of datasets can be scaled against the reference dataset at once, giving the same scaling result as if each dataset were scaled as an independent job. The only difference is that all scaled datasets would be output in one scaled.pickle and scaled_experiments.json, which may be more or less convenient for further processing.

Scaling against a dials reference dataset

In this example, reference_reflections.pickle and reference_experiments.json are from a dataset that has already been scaled with dials.scale. To scale another dataset (datafiles integrated.pickle, integrated_experiments.json) against this target/reference, one should use the following command:

dials.scale only_target=True integrated.pickle integrated_experiments.json reference_reflections.pickle reference_experiments.json

This will scale the intensities of the dataset to agree as closely as possible with the intensities of the reference dataset, and save the scaled dataset to scaled.pickle, scaled_experiments.json (the reference files are unchanged). The only_target=True command is important, else all the data will be scaled together and output in a joint output file.

Scaling against a reference mtz file

In this case, it is assumed that the intensity and variance columns of the mtz file have already been scaled. Targeted scaling would be run with the following command:

dials.scale integrated.pickle integrated_experiments.json target_mtz=scaled.mtz

The targeted scaling algorithm is the same regardless of the target datafile type, likewise the scaled dataset will be saved to scaled.pickle and scaled_experiments.json.

General considerations for suitable options

A common use case for scaling against a reference is to scale thin-wedge datasets against a high quality full-sweep dataset. To give the best scaling, it may be necessary to manually set the scaling model parameters: for more details see the In-depth guide to scaling options in DIALS. In the case of very thin wedge/stills datasets, or depending on the scientific question under investigation, it may be suitable to set model=KB, to give a single global scale and relative B-factor to each dataset. However, if significant intensity variation/decay is present in each measurement, it may be best to use model=physical, setting absorption_term=False and specifying values for scale_interval and decay_interval.